Red spots on the face


Rash on the face, heat rash, rash on the face


Red spots on the face are not an independent clinical picture. Rather, red spots on the face are a symptom that can serve as an indication of a variety of diseases.


Red spots that appear on the face, neck, or other parts of the body are among the most common reasons that lead a patient to the dermatologist's office.
The skin appearance itself is not an independent clinical picture, but rather a symptom.

Red spots that appear on the face can have several underlying causes.In terms of the possible causes that lead to red spots on the face, external influences must be distinguished from internal diseases. In most cases, the red spots on the face are accompanied by other symptoms. One of the most common accompanying symptoms is a pronounced one itching, Wheal- or Pimple formation and Swelling.
Depending on the cause that leads to the appearance of red spots on the face, general symptoms such as fever, fatigue, head- and Body aches to be watched. As a rule, slightly pronounced red spots on the face disappear completely within a very short time without medical intervention. On the other hand, severe manifestations that occur in the course of an infection usually require medical treatment.

Illustration rash

Illustration rash face

a - Healthy skin
b - Subcorneal pus vesicle
(Pustule - under the cornea)
c - Intraepithelial pus vesicles
(Pustule - splits the epidermis)
d - epidermal nodules
(epidermal papule)
e - scleral nodules
(dermal papule)

Epidermis - epidermis
(1 and 2.)

  1. Horny layer -
    Stratum corneum
  2. Cornifying layer
    (light layer + grain layer)
    Stratum lucidum +
    Stratum granulosum

    Germ layer (prickly cell layer
    + Base layer) -
    Stratum spinosum +
    Stratum basale
  3. Dermis -
    Dermis (Papillary layer -
    Stratum papillary
    Network layer -
    Stratum reticularre)

You can find an overview of all Dr-Gumpert images at: medical illustrations

Causes of red spots on the face

For the occurrence of red spots on the face there can be different causes.

Especially during the warm seasons, a so-called "Heat rash" observe. These skin symptoms are small red spots caused by overheating of the skin surface (Heat rash) and can occur on the face and neck, as well as on other parts of the body.
The real reason these red spots develop is the fact that the affected parts of the body are exposed to excessive heat for a long period of time during the warm seasons. In addition, the increased sweat production ensures that the skin surface is attacked and therefore more sensitive to external stimuli. Heat-induced red spots on the face are typically associated with severe itching.

Furthermore apply Environmental influences, Cosmetic products and allergenic substances (Allergens) one of the most common causes of red spots appearing on the face. In addition, it can be observed in everyday clinical practice that red spots on the face are particularly common in patients suffering from diabetes mellitus.

The so-called "Contact dermatitis“Is one of the most common causes of red spots appearing on the skin. In the affected patients, the skin changes appear mainly on the face and chest.
In rare cases, such skin manifestations can also be observed on other parts of the body. Contact dermatitis can be caused by various irritants. In this context belong Pollen, Animal hair, various chemicals and Food (please refer Food allergy) is one of the main triggers.

Contact dermatitis is typically associated with severe itching and small blisters. In addition, red spots on the face can be caused by an allergic reaction to allergenic substances (Allergens), Viral infections, Insect bites or strong temperature fluctuations be evoked. When a virus infection is present, many patients develop red spots on their faces. These virally induced skin symptoms are typically accompanied by severe itching and a burning sensation. In adults, some sex disorders are also some of the reasons for red spots on the face.

Red spots on the face after a shower

Red spots on the face after a shower are not uncommon. Especially fair-skinned, blond or red-haired people can observe the appearance of the skin after showering. Their skin is often more sensitive and sensitive to temperature fluctuations. So it comes to by hot water temperatures or water vapor increased blood circulation in the skin. This process can occasionally make itself felt through the formation of red spots on the face. Most of the time, the spots disappear on their own after a short time. To maintain the skin's natural balance, apply a moisturizer after you shower.

More rarely, a so-called "urticaria" can also appear behind the red spots Hives known to hide. Various causes, such as the release of the body's own messenger substances, lead to the formation of red spots, Wheals and itching. It is believed that external factors such as the heat when showering can trigger this process.

Red spots on the face after a fever

If red spots appear on the face after a fever, it may be rubella or three-day fever. Both diseases are among the classic teething troubles.

  • Three-day fever
    The name of the disease reflects the classic course. Affected children suffer from a high fever for around 3-5 days. After the sudden subsidence, fine red spots can be observed all over the body and face. However, most of the time the general condition of the children is quite good, so that specific therapy is not necessary.
  • Ringlet rubella
    Rubella causes characteristic red spots on the face. It is easy to see as the redness is the Cheeks of the child leave out. At this point the disease is no longer contagious!
  • rubella
    Rubella causes cold-like symptoms such as fever and headaches and aches and pains. After about 3 days a characteristic rash follows, which can spread from the head to the whole body.

    If the red spots on your face start to itch and are accompanied by small wheals or blisters, you may have one Sun allergy. The doctor then speaks of a "polymorphic light dermatosis". Again, you should use the Avoid the sun at first and Sunscreens with a high sun protection factor use. Anti-inflammatory creams can accelerate healing.

    Heat rash

    After long stays in the Sun and after exercising, many people are prone to developing red spots on their face and trunk area. In most cases, these skin symptoms are so-called Heat rash. But there can also be other causes for Rash from sun come into question.
    At Heat prickling (Technical term: Miliaria) it concerns inflammatory processes within the Sweat glands. Depending on how long the stay in the sun was or how long the physical strain continued, different forms of Heat prickling can be distinguished. In addition, the individual sensitivity of the skin of those affected also plays a role in the development of Heat prickling a crucial role.
    Under the term "Miliaria rubra“If you summarize those skin symptoms that get through Red stain, strong itching and a Overheating of the skin surface distinguish. In addition, the affected people often suffer from local swelling and pain. These types of red spots on the face can appear soon after exposure to the sun or after short exercise sessions. However, particularly sensitive people tend to develop clear and bulging blisters that are reminiscent of small burn blisters. In this context one speaks of a so-called "Miliaria christallina“.
    While normal heat rashes also appear on the face, these blistered skin changes tend to develop in the area of ​​the back, cleavage and under the armpits. The reason for the appearance of these red spots after spending time in the sun and after exercising is mostly wrong or unsuitable clothing. As soon as heat builds up under clothing for a long period of time, the sweat glands can become clogged and the body temperature can no longer be adequately regulated.

    In this way, a warm, moist environment is created on the surface of the skin in which bacterial pathogens optimally multiply and Heat rash can evoke. Red spots on the face that appear after spending time in the sun or after exercising usually heal completely within a very short time. Medical intervention is usually not necessary.

    Red spots on the face from alcohol consumption

    The consumption of alcohol can impair various tissue structures in the body.
    Most people think of damage to the liver and brain, but forget that the skin can also be damaged under the influence of alcohol. The skin on the face in particular can be affected by regular alcohol consumption. Because of this, many people who drink large amounts of alcohol have red spots on their faces.

    The reason for this is the fact that the consumption of alcohol induces an expansion of the smallest vessels. In this way, the blood flow to the face is increased and red spots appear on the face. These red spots do not last long if you drink alcohol occasionally. However, prolonged consumption can make the spots on the face permanent. In this context one speaks of the so-called "Facies alcoholica“.
    In addition, the influence of alcohol can cause the smallest vessels on the face to be excessively stressed. As a result, they can burst and form vascular veins (Spider Naevi). If these emerge in the area of ​​the nose, it is popularly referred to as a "schnapps nose".

    Read more on the topic: Consequences of alcohol

    Red spots after a pimple

    A red spot often remains on the face for a short time after a pimple.

    Even after a pimple has cleared, red spots often remain on the face.
    These red spots usually go away without intervention. The regeneration of the skin surface necessary for this can take a period of several weeks or months take advantage of.

    Various home remedies can help stimulate skin regeneration and make the red spots disappear faster after a pimple. In this context, one of the most important massage of the local lymphatics help treat the red spots after a pimple.
    Affected people should regularly massage the reddened areas with their fingertips. In this way, the irritated tissue can be loosened and the blood flow promoted. In addition, exposure to direct sunlight (or using a tanning bed) can help treat red spots on the face that remain after a pimple with UV radiation. Under the influence of UV rays, the red spots are bleached and the surrounding skin is tanned.
    This way, the entire complexion looks more even. In addition, the regeneration of the skin surface can be stimulated in this way.
    However, with regular use of a tanning bed, adequate sun protection must always be ensured. Excessive use of a solarium can accelerate skin aging and lead to skin cancer.

    Other home remedies for red spots on the face after a pimple include:

    • Nettle tea
    • Buttermilk
    • Black seed oil
    • Prickly pear seed oil
    • Zinc ointment

    In addition, various medical measures can help the red spots on the face to heal faster after a pimple. Possible applications are for example chemical peels, Laser treatments, Radiation treatments, the Magnetic therapy and the so-called microdermabrasion.
    However, if the red spots on the face after a pimple are real pimple scars, such as those that can arise after squeezing a pimple, only cosmetic surgery can help. However, this method of treatment is quite expensive and complex.

    Red spots on the face in children

    Red spots on the face that occur in children can in many cases be attributed to one viral infection lead back. Especially in children, skin rashes are one of the most common reasons for imagination in pediatric practice. Especially so-called maculopapular exanthema (lumpy, blotchy rash) are not uncommon in the pediatrician practice. The most relevant viral pathogens in this context include influenza, measles and scarlet fever viruses. In addition, red spots on the face can also appear as a symptom of the other typical childhood diseases. A chickenpox infection, for example, is often associated with reddish pustules and pronounced itching in children. If the itching is not alleviated, this can lead to permanent scars in the affected children.

    The following topic may be of interest to you: Measles rash

    Another infectious disease that can lead to the appearance of red spots on the face in children is the so-called Hand, foot and mouth disease. This is a highly contagious viral infection, but it is usually harmless.
    Children of kindergarten age are particularly affected. Hand, foot and mouth disease can also occur in older children and adults. In children, the virus infection typically leads to the development of small, painful blisters on the hands, feet and around the mouth. In severe cases, food intake can even be restricted through these vesicles. The hand, foot and mouth disease heals in most cases seven to ten at the latest Days without consequences. In the case of the affected children, however, care must be taken to ensure that sufficient food and fluids are consumed despite their symptoms.

    In addition, red spots on the face of children can also be associated with what is known as a “three-day fever”. Three-day fever is a viral infection that mainly affects infants and toddlers.
    In children between 6 months and 3 years of age, three-day fever is one of the most common infectious diseases that can be identified by red spots on the face. In most cases, the three-day fever heals completely within a few days without medical intervention. For this reason, drug treatment is usually only necessary to alleviate the symptoms.

    In addition to the typical rash, the affected children develop a high fever, which can last for three to five days. In addition, many of those affected suffer from headaches, coughs and swelling of the cervical lymph nodes. In addition, inflammatory processes in the area of ​​the mucous membranes (Enanthem), Swelling of the eyelids (Eyelid edema), Abdominal pain and inflammation of the intestines (Enteritis) one of the most common accompanying symptoms of three-day fever.

    Red spots on the face during pregnancy

    If a woman is pregnant, there are extensive changes in her hormonal balance. There hormonal fluctuationsAs they can also be observed during puberty or menopause, are among the main causes of skin problems, pregnant women often suffer from red spots on the face. The reason for the development of skin problems in pregnant women is the fact that the hormonal fluctuations make the skin surface more sensitive to many substances.

    Red spots on the face and trunk area that occur during pregnancy can be considered almost as a result of this normal be considered. In many cases, pregnant women even report pronounced accompanying itching.

    In most cases, the triggering substance cannot be precisely identified. Pregnant women who suffer from red spots on the face or trunk, however, can be recommended to pay particular attention to adequate Personal hygiene to lay. Regular use of pH neutral Soaps and body lotions based on water, the complexion can be improved significantly during pregnancy.

    Other symptoms - itching / burning

    Red spots on the face are often accompanied by burning and itching.

    Most diseases that cause red spots on the face are accompanied by other symptoms. Typical accompanying symptoms are particularly evident in those diseases that are caused by viral pathogens.

    Even before the rash on the face or the rash on the stomach appears, most of those affected suffer from fever, tiredness and fatigue. Depending on the causal disease, the red spots on the face can be accompanied by pronounced itching and / or burning. With some infectious diseases, such as chickenpox, the itching and burning sensation can be so severe that involuntary scratching can hardly be avoided. However, since permanent scars develop in this way, severe itching and / or burning should be treated immediately.

    Therapy of red spots on the face

    Red spots on the face can be treated in different ways.
    The most suitable treatment method depends on the underlying root cause. In most cases, such skin changes do not require any medical intervention.
    However, since red spots on the face are often accompanied by pronounced itching and / or a burning sensation, a symptomatic treatment be useful.

    Affected people should pay particular attention to the, especially in the warm seasons hygiene lay. It should always pH neutral soap be used. Too aggressive cleaning agents can attack the surface of the skin and make the skin even more sensitive. In addition, the skin on the face should be cleaned with a soothing cream be treated. In this context, however, it must be ensured that only water-based skin creams that do not contain oil are used.

    Home remedies

    Red spots on the face can usually be seen through simple home remedies treat effectively. Especially ointments and creams that are over Aloe vera are particularly suitable for treating red spots on the face. In addition, saline solutions are considered suitable home remedies for treating red spots on the face. Such a saline solution can be prepared independently and applied to the affected areas about twice a week.
    In order to be fully effective as a home remedy for red spots on the face, the solution must act for at least half an hour. It also aims to be medical Healing earth can help to effectively relieve red spots on the face and the associated discomfort. Affected people should apply the healing earth to a cloth and mix it with some water to form a thick paste. This home remedy can then be applied to the itchy areas and covered with a dry towel.

    In addition, warm tea is an effective home remedy for treating red spots on the face. A tea made from pansy herb can soothe the irritated surface of the skin and thus relieve both the itching and the burning sensation.

    What can you acutely do about pimples with things you have at home? Read more too Home remedies for pimples

    Other home remedies to treat red spots on the face:

    • Cold yogurt envelopes
    • Lavender oil
    • Nettle brew
    • cold chamomile tea
    • Coriander leaves
    • Olive or sunflower oil
    • Fruit vinegar
    • Alcohol-soaked tissues
    • Wheat bran