Causes of Sore Throat


Cold, hoarseness, sore throat, throat pain


In most cases, the sore throat is caused by inflammation, which is mostly caused by viruses as the pathogen. No pathogen could be detected in 2/3 of the patients examined.
The following pathogens could be identified in the sore throats caused by viruses: Rhinovirus (and about 100 different subgroups of this virus), Coronavirus (and 3 different subgroups), 5 different groups of the adenovirus, herpes simplex virus (type 1 + 2), parainfluenza virus (type 1-4), influenza virus (type A and B). Coxsackie virus A, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus and the HI virus only rarely cause illnesses (less than 1%) that trigger a sore throat as a symptom.

Next Viruses Numerous bacteria can also lead to diseases that cause sore throats. The following bacteria are particularly common: Group A, C, G streptococci (so-called beta-hemolytic streptococci) and Haemophilus influenzae. Are rarer Neisseries, Corynebacteria, Yersinia and Mycoplasma has been proven.

Sore throats in themselves are not a disease. Rather, there are a variety of diseases that are called Symptom sore throat have as a consequence. The following diseases cause sore throats: influenza infections and Colds, Pharyngitis (Inflammation of the throat), Inflammation of the lining of the mouth (Gingivitis and Stomatitis), Influenza, angina, herpangina, infectious mononucleosis, Tonsillitis (Tonsillitis), diphtheria, Inflammation of the epiglottis (Epiglotitis), lung infection (pneumonia), various teething problems, such as Pseudo croup, Scarlet fever and mumps. Are also possible Sore throat from allergies. In rare cases, a sore throat is the first symptom of a malignant disease, e.g. a pharyngeal carcinoma or a Lymphoma.