Lower urinary tract disorders


Renal pelvis, ureter, ureter, urethra, urinary tract, urinary entrance, kidney, bladder, cystitis, pelvic inflammation, kidney stones

Medical: Ureter, vesica urinaria

English: bladder, ureter

Lower urinary tract disorders

Kidney inflammation / pyelonephritis

However, it is possible that pathogens can rise from the urinary bladder into the renal pelvis and cause inflammation (pyelonephritis = inflammation of the renal pelvis). This can lead to strong contractions of the smooth muscles mentioned above (renal colic).
Further information is available under our topic:
Pelvic inflammation

Kidney stones

In the entire area of ​​the urinary tract, stone formations are possible, which can hinder the outflow of urine (so-called calyx and renal pelvic stones, in the case of lower lying prevesical ureter stones).
Further information is available under our topic:
Kidney stones

Inflammation of the bladder (cystitis)

Inflammation of the bladder itself is relatively common in women due to the much shorter urethra. They are often uncomplicated, but if they occur too often, they can become chronic and also rise through the ureters. It is often caused by germs in the normal intestinal flora, which are transmitted by smear infection.
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Bladder cancer

The mucous membrane of the ureter and urinary bladder can be affected by cancer (so-called urothelial carcinoma). Risk factors are chemical irritants that are also found in hair dyes. Of course, benign tumors are also possible, which, if discovered early, can often be removed without far-reaching consequences.


Continence (the ability to hold urine) can be compromised by damage to various parts of the controlling apparatus. In the case of deep spinal cord injuries, the control of micturition ("urinating") can no longer be taken over by the brain.
An "overflow bubble" (neurogenic bubble) forms. If the bladder's own plexus is damaged, e.g. In the case of diabetes (diabetic neuropathy), continent emptying of the bladder is often no longer possible.

In old age, especially in women, there is an occasional or complete loss of sphincter function. So it is a muscular problem. Here a distinction can be made between urge incontinence (“urge incontinence”) and stress incontinence, some of which can be treated with drugs or surgically.