Torn ligament in the big toe


There are two Joints the great toes. The Big toe joint is the transition from Metatarsus to the big toe and the so-called interphalangeal joint, i.e. the joint between the two limbs of the big toe. At a Torn ligament the metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe is usually affected. Like any other joint, this is a joint Joint capsule surrounded and is through Tapes stabilized.


The cause of a torn ligament is the execution of movements in one joint to an exaggerated extent. Mostly these are jerky movements. Since the big toe is usually very flexible, it usually comes to one here Torn ligamentif the person concerned with his foot bumps into a solid object or catches the big toe on an object. As a result, the Ligaments that stabilize the joint overstretch and can tear. Also by kicking the foot, e.g. B. in sports, this can happen.


A Torn ligament of the big toe goes through immediately strong pain noticeable. Also one Swelling of the joint occurs very much short term and indicates a torn ligament. Possibly also a bruise (Hematoma) occur when it comes through the damaged ligaments to a Bleeding into the joint comes. However, this is not necessarily the case.

The mobility of the Joint is often limited and associated with very severe pain.


To diagnose a torn ligament of the big toe, see a doctor. The doctor uses function tests, i.e. mainly movement tests, to test the mobility and sensitivity of the toe to pain. If there is a suspicion of a broken bone, an X-ray is carried out to rule out or confirm this. Injury to the capsule would also be possible as it causes similar symptoms. In order to be able to recognize this, it is necessary to perform a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Soft tissues can be clearly displayed here and any leaked synovial fluid or damage to the ligamentous apparatus of the toe can be identified.

Please also read our page MRI of the foot.

Since the therapy is similar in the case of a broken bone or a ruptured capsule of the big toe, it is not necessarily necessary to carry out all diagnostic measures.

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Pain in the metacarpophalangeal joint can occur due to a torn ligament if there was great pressure on the big toe.

In the event of sudden pain in the area of ​​the Metatarsophalangeal joint should be immediate chilled become. Either cold water or ice is suitable for this. However, ice should not be placed directly on the skin, otherwise the skin may freeze. It should be wrapped in a cloth beforehand. By cooling the Increased blood flow in this area. For this reason, the foot should be elevated and a compression bandage should be applied to prevent excessive swelling from the influx of blood. If a torn ligament of the big toe is suspected, a doctor be visited to decide on further therapy.

As a rule, this supplies the big toe with a bandage and possibly also with a splint. The toe should not be stressed for 4 to 6 weeks, so no sport should be done during this time. Walking is normally still possible.