The hand has a total of five fingers (Digiti), of which the thumb (Pollex) represents the first. It is followed by the index finger (index) and the middle finger (Digitus medius), which is also the longest of all fingers. The fourth finger is called the ring finger (Digitus annularius), followed by the so-called little finger (Digitus minimus).
Each of these fingers consists of several finger bones (Ossa digitorum manus), in anatomy they are called phalanx, which means something like "battle row". Each individual finger now has exactly three finger bones, but here the thumb, with only two finger bones, is an exception.
Of the Metacarpal bones (Os metacarpi) is the first finger bones (Phalanx proximalis) an elongated bone, the body of which is reminiscent of the structure of a longitudinally divided cylinder. The term "proximalis" or "proximal" means "pointing towards the trunk of the body".
On one side, this part of the finger has a small canal through which parts of the Tendons some Flexors (Flexors) are located. A small bulge can be seen at the end of the finger bone in which the head (Caput) of the respective metacarpal bone is connected. The length of this first finger bone is different for each of the five fingers; the finger has the longest bone Middle finger, followed by Index and ring fingers.
The second row of finger bones (Phalanx media) differs from the first phalanx only in its shorter length and special structure of the joint connection with the first finger bone. The thumb is a special exception here because it does not have a middle finger bone.
The third, the finger bones furthest from the trunk are with the Phalanx media Connected via joints and also serve to support the Fingernails.
Each phalanx has three sections, one Base (points to the trunk of the body), one head (points away from the trunk of the body) and one body.
There are five per hand Metatarsophalangeal joints, which from an anatomical point of view are so-called Ball joints acts. In these articulated bone connections, the outwardly curved (convex) joint head is the Metacarpal bones with the inwardly curved (concave) Sockets connected to the first finger bones. Most of the five metacarpal joints are Rotary motion (rotation) but very limited.
The capsule is elastic and is made of extremely resistant lateral Ribbons reinforced. For this reason, in the bent finger position is a Splay (Abduction) hardly possible. The metacarpophalangeal joints are anatomically ball joints, but purely functionally so-called Egg joints.
- Distal phalanx -
- Phalanx -
- Phalanx -
- Metacarpal bones -
- Trapezoidal leg -
- Trapezoid leg -
- Head leg - Os capitatum
- Hook leg - Hamate bone
- Scaphoid bone of the hand -
- Moonbone - Lunate bone
- Triangular leg - Os triquetrum
- Pea bone - Os pisiform
- Sesame bone - Os sesamoideum
- Cubit - Ulna
- Spoke - radius
I - I metacarpal joint -
II - II mid-finger joint
(missing on thumb) -
Articulatio interphalangea (proximalis)
III - III finger end joint -
IV - thumb joint -
Articulatio interphalangea I
You can find an overview of all Dr-Gumpert images at: medical illustrations
Middle and end joints of the fingers
The Middle and end joints of the fingers (Articulationes interphalangeales) connect the individual finger bones with one another. They are both anatomically and functionally Hinge joints. So there are movements in one plane (diffraction and Elongation) possible. These finger joints are also very tight, reinforced by a tendon plate, capsule surround. All fingers, with the exception of the thumb, have a middle finger (proximal finger joint, PIP) and a finger joint (distal finger joint, DIP).
There are no muscles of their own in the fingers themselves, only Tapes and Tendonswhich of the Hand and forearm muscles originate, find. With the exception of the thumb, all have fingers two long tendons from the forearm muscles, one for each diffraction and one for Elongation.
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Who am I?
My name is dr. Nicolas Gumpert. I am a specialist in orthopedics and the founder of and work as an orthopedist at Lumedis.
Various television programs and print media report regularly about my work. On HR television you can see me live every 6 weeks on "Hallo Hessen".
But now enough is indicated ;-)
In order to be able to treat successfully in orthopedics, a thorough examination, diagnosis and a medical history are required.
In our very economic world in particular, there is not enough time to thoroughly grasp the complex diseases of orthopedics and thus initiate targeted treatment.
I don't want to join the ranks of "quick knife pullers".
The aim of all treatment is treatment without surgery.
Which therapy achieves the best results in the long term can only be determined after looking at all of the information (Examination, X-ray, ultrasound, MRI, etc.) be assessed.
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60311 Frankfurt am Main
You can make an appointment here.
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For more information about myself, see Lumedis - Orthopedists.