Vascular supply diaphragm


The diaphragm is the most important breathing muscle and separates the chest from the abdomen.

Figure diaphragm

Figure of the trunk seen from the side with the skeleton, diaphragm and intestinal spaces (A) and diaphragm and intestinal spaces from the front (B)
  1. Diaphragm (red) -
  2. Chest cavity -
    Cavitas thoracis
  3. Abdominal cavity -
    Cavitas abdominis
  4. Tendon center of
    Diaphragm -
    Centrum tendineum
  5. Rib part of the diaphragm -
    Pars costalis diaphragmatis
  6. Esophageal slit -
    Aortic hiatus
  7. Vena cava hole -
    Foramen venae cavae
  8. Aorta in the aortic slot -
    Aorta in the aortic hiatus
  9. Loin part of the diaphragm -
    Pars lumbalis diaphragmatis
  10. Lungs - Pulmo
    The diaphragm separates
    the thoracic and abdominal cavities

You can find an overview of all Dr-Gumpert images at: medical illustrations

Arterial supply

The arterial supply (Vascular supply to the diaphragm) is complex and takes place via four different branchesthat branch out strongly. First of all, it is the upper diaphragmatic arteries (Arteriae phrenicae superiores), the Diaphragmatic sac artery (Pericardiac artery) and the Diaphragmatic artery (Musculophrenic artery), all from the Thoracic artery (Thoracic aorta) arise from. Further arterial supply takes place via the lower ones Diaphragmatic arteries (Inferior phrenic arteries) from the Abdominal artery (Abdominal aorta) originates (vascular supply diaphragm).

Venous outflow

Of the venous outflow takes place via veins of the same name into the superior vena cava (Superior vena cava). Only the lower diaphragmatic veins (Venae phrenicae inferiores) opens into the inferior vena cava (Inferior vena cava) (Vascular supply diaphragm).