Special educational therapy for ADHD

Synonyms in a broader sense

Attention Deficit Syndrome, Fidget - Philipp Syndrome, Fidgety Philipp, Psycho-Organic Syndrome (POS), Hyperkinetic Syndrome (HKS), ADHD, Fidgety Phil, ADHD.
Attention Deficit Syndrome, Psycho-Organic Syndrome (POS), ADD, Attention - Deficit - Disorder, minimal brain syndrome, behavioral disorder with attention and concentration disorder, attention deficit disorder, ADS, Attention deficit disorder, dreamer, “Hans-peep-in-the-air”, dreamers.


As the name “curative education” suggests, this is a specific form of general education that can always be used when education as such is negatively influenced by certain circumstances and causes and thus made more difficult. Thus, curative educational forms of therapy in the area of ​​learning problems generally take on an important role.

In the case of ADHD, education is made more difficult by the specific symptoms, so therapy based on curative educational measures is understandable and advisable. The aim is to alleviate symptoms and, in a special way, to increase the ability to concentrate and pay attention. Negative behaviors should be recognized, processed and changed so that everyday life can be managed more easily and problem-free. With ADHD children in particular, the focus is on reducing conflicts with other children.

Especially in the area of ​​learning problems, which always run individually, THE curative educational therapy form cannot be named. Rather, there are a multitude of possible forms of therapy that are available to choose from. Some forms of therapy are shown below.

The ADHD is a complex disease that is still not understood in all areas. Therefore, the treatment approaches are diverse, in some parts even fundamentally opposing.
Dr. Nicolas Gumpert In his book he tried to explain all aspects of ADHD in an understandable way for parents and to show the various therapy options.

Exercise therapy

The Exercise therapythat on psychomotor level usually takes place in small groups under therapeutic supervision. It is a method to experience and train your own body through a wide range of movement options (new and different).
Children with attention deficit disorder in particular have problems with the perception of their own body, often also in the gross and fine motor area. By means of various exercise offers (balancing, jumping, running, swinging, sliding, ...) you get to know your own body and your own abilities better and better. Over time, exercises that were initially very difficult become safer, which ultimately gives the child self-affirmation. Exercise therapy is suitable for both hyper- and hypoactive children.
Depending on the individual situation, a somewhat softer form of exercise therapy may be advisable. At this point, the so-called sensorimotor integration therapythat as a form of Occupational therapy is described below.

Occupational therapy

In the context of occupational therapy, disorders of the sensory organs, motor disorders and disorders of the mental and psychological abilities of a patient are to be cured to such an extent that independence in everyday life is (again) possible.

Contrary to what one might think, occupational therapies are not only intended for children, but also for people of all ages and include not only educational, but also neurological and / or orthopedic tasks, for example.

With regard to ADHD, occupational therapy treatment is only one of many treatment options. Occupational therapy treatment usually begins with a so-called initial consultation in which all basic information is exchanged and initial information about the therapeutic treatment (test procedure, procedure, involvement of the parents , ...) mediated.
In the context of occupational therapy, it is advisable to establish contact with all the people who are essentially involved in upbringing and to activate them again and again throughout the therapy. This is the only way that therapy can work on everyday problems, only in this way can successes and failures be included in the planning. In addition to contact with the parents, cooperation with educators and teachers should be sought. A regular exchange with the treating doctors, psychologists and / or other therapists is also recommended.
ADHD - specific occupational therapy starts with both the ADHD - typical accompanying symptoms as well as the secondary side effects, whereby the social behavior of the child is primarily considered and the physical level is addressed through motor exercises.

Children's occupational therapy uses well-known forms of therapy, such as Bobath therapy or Ayre therapy, or concepts according to Frostig, Affolter, etc. back.

Sensory integration therapy, sensorimotor perceptual therapy:

  • Improvement of the coordination of movement sequences -> coordinative skills
  • Improvement of the visual - auditory perception
  • Improvement of fine motor skills (e.g. according to Jean Ayres)

Neurophysiological form of therapy (self-instruction training):

  • playful improvement of memory performance
  • Playful improvement of the ability to differentiate between the important and the unimportant: Improvement of the targeted guidance of attention
  • playful development of mnemonics for self-regulation
  • Improvement of behavior through self-regulation (no avoidance, but targeted training / performing unpleasant activities) (e.g. according to Bobath)

Since the individual requirements and problems of the child are always taken as the starting point, the decision as to which therapeutic approach is pursued depends on the child himself. A good and targeted therapy begins exactly where it is appropriate for the child. From a therapeutic point of view, the child is picked up where it is. Defects are recognized and dealt with therapeutically.

It is not only because of the increasing professionalism of the occupation of occupational therapists that successes in occupational therapy treatment in the field of ADHD cannot be ignored. To what extent successes can be achieved in individual cases cannot be assessed across the board. Success is always due to the individual side effects and in particular also to domestic support.

Therapy with animals

ADHD curative education

This is based on the fact that even the most conspicuous ADD children - in relation to animals - show themselves to be very caring and spend longer than average periods of concentration. Over time, you build up an inner and deep connection with the animal and thus strengthen its self-confidence.

The possibilities with regard to therapy with animals are different. However, one thing should not be confused here: therapy with animals is not to be equated with "Child gets a pet".
Therapy with animals rather means that the child is brought into connection with a specially trained animal (e.g. dog, ...) at the appropriate point. First, the child spends some time with the animal, for example monitored by a video camera.
As a rule, such therapy has a positive effect on the child in several areas:

  1. The child's self-confidence is strengthened
  2. The child receives affection from the animal and promotes his ability to concentrate and independence in dealing with him.
  3. The above-mentioned aspects can restore the child's mental balance

Therapeutic riding - hippotherapy


Therapeutic riding / hippotherapy
Therapeutic riding is a special form of therapy with animals and is also used in the field of ADHD therapy.
The therapeutic riding aims alongside the Improvement of body mobility, motor skills and muscle development on building a intense relationship with the horses from it ultimately one Increase in self-confidence and the Self-reliance to provoke. A mental balance can be reached and the child thus indirectly to longer concentration phases, to reduce aggression, etc. be moved.

Exercise and ADHD

In the area of ​​ADHD therapy in particular, the inclusion of sport is increasingly being considered.
On the one hand, the range of sports on offer can be used to use up excess energy and work off yourself; on the other hand, depending on the type of sport, sport requires a certain degree of teamwork, which, among other things, has to be developed gradually. This is one of the reasons why ADHD children should - even more than "normal" children ideal fit of the sport to pay attention. It is not always advisable to simply register an ADHD child in the sports club. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, a single trainer who is / has not been adequately informed about the symptoms and the clinical picture of ADHD can be overwhelmed with the situation (possibly: conflict situation). It is therefore advisable not only to act according to the interests of the child, but also to discuss the child's specific wishes with the therapist. In addition, there are certain therapeutic measures in many places that are geared towards sports and are supervised by experienced trainers / therapists.

Educational advice

Educational counseling for ADHD

Educational counseling centers can and should always be used when problems arise in the education of children and young people and parents can no longer solve these problems on their own.

Educational advice centers cover a large field of educational problem-solving aids, but can offer very differentiated advice and / or assistance in a special way.
In order for parents to be able to turn to parenting advice centers for help, they must first contact them admitthat they alone the problems encountered can no longer cope. This insight comes often not easy and certainly is painful, but this admission is then also at the same time the first way out of the problem area.
Educational counselors are in principle bound to secrecy, provided that parents / legal guardians do not release them from confidentiality. In the case of problems that extend in a special way to the school area, for the sake of the child, parenting advice should be released from the obligation of confidentiality. Furthermore, one should start from the beginning open and honest report on the existing problems. This is the only way to ensure that the assistance has a chance of success.
Once under the so-called Initial meeting first facts discussed and possibly some already causes were recognized, the diagnostic survey connect. Once the diagnosis has been made, individual aspects become visible, so that a individual support plan can be created, which falls back on the different therapeutic areas.
Educational counseling centers are offered by various organizations, such as the Arbeiterwohlfahrt, the youth welfare office, the diaconal work or the Caritas association. Due to the parents' legal right to parenting advice, the Educational counseling centers not only nationwide created, but also free.

Other forms of therapy

Further information on therapeutic areas of ADHD can be found below. Please note that different forms of therapy should be meaningfully linked to one another according to the individual symptoms of a child in order to counteract the ADHD syndrome.

  • ADHD medication
  • ADHD psychotherapy
  • ADHD nutrition and various forms of therapy
  • ADHD and family.
  • ADHD and Homeopathy

The therapy options mentioned complement each other in many ways. The treating physician or treating therapist can decide together with you which forms can be combined with each other in individual cases. It is important that the individual symptoms are taken as a starting point and a decision is made.

Other ADHD issues

  • ADHD
  • ADHD causes
  • ADHD symptoms
  • ADHD diagnosis
  • ADHD therapy
    • ADHD curative education
      • ADHD psychotherapy
      • Depth psychology
      • Behavior therapy
      • yoga
      • Autogenic training
    • ADHD medication
      • Methylphenidate
      • Ritalin
      • Antidepressants
    • ADHD diet
    • ADHD and the family
    • Educational games

Related topics

  • ADS
  • Poor concentration
  • Reading and spelling weaknesses / dyslexia
  • Arithmetic weakness / dyscalculia
  • Giftedness

A list of all the topics that we have published under our "Problems with Learning" page can be found at: Problems with learning A-Z