Short adductor muscle (M. adductor brevis)Synonyms
Latin: Adductor brevis muscle
English: Adductor brevis muscle
Adductors: Long adductor muscle (M. adductor longus), great adductor muscle (M. adductor magnus), Comb muscle (M. pectineus), Lean hamstrings (M. gracilis)
Abductors: thigh ligament tensioner (M. tensor fasciae latae)glutes, small and medium muscles (Mm. Glutei minimus et medius)
The short adductor muscle belongs to the adductor group of the thigh. Adduction is the Latin word for leading up. In the hip joint, this means that the short adductor muscle, for example, brings the splayed thigh back up to the body. But the adductors of the thigh also play an important role in everyday movements, such as walking or playing football. The short adductor muscle runs roughly from the pubic bone at the front central edge of the pelvis to the rear central third of the thigh bone.
Approach: Roughening of the femur (Linea aspera). This is in the middle third of the thigh bone on the back.
Origin: pubic bone (Pubis)
Innervation: Obturator nerve (L3-L4)
The short adductor muscle pulls from in its course top center (Pubic bone) obliquely Outside and below (Thigh bone roughening). Therefore, its main function is to pull the thigh towards the center of the body (Adduction). But it can also have a supportive effect when lifting the thigh due to its course from the pelvis to the thigh (Flexion in the hip joint).
With strong flexion in the hip joint (over 80 °However, this function is reversed! That is, if the thigh is lifted by 90 °, for example, the short adductor muscle can pull the thigh down again when it contracts. This movement is called stretching (Extension) designated.
Overloading can lead to typical muscle injuries such as strain, Torn hamstring or more complete Muscle tear come. (Tendon) irritations can also occur.
Footballers in particular often complain about a "Adductor strain"This can affect the short adductor muscle, among other things. Footballers suffer this injury especially when passing or shooting with the inner instep, because the adductors are particularly stressed during this movement due to the outwardly rotated position of the leg.
Strengthening and stretching
There are two ways to stretch the inside of the thigh and thus the short adductor muscle. The athlete is about in double shoulder width (Straddle step) and the tips of your feet point forward. The body weight is now shifted to one side so that the leg on the side to be stretched is almost fully stretched, while the other leg is bent in the knee joint. The upper body should be kept as straight as possible.
The second variant takes place while sitting. The soles of both feet touch while the knee joints are pushed towards the floor.
The short thigh muscle can be strengthened in the fitness studio on the equipment provided for this purpose ("adductor machine"). Here the leg is guided inwards against a counterweight or resistance.
Please also read our article on this Leg muscle training.