Gluteus maximus muscleSynonyms
German: gluteal muscles
- to the thigh muscles overview
- to the musculature overview
The gluteus maximus takes its 16 cm long and 4 cm wide origin from the back surface of the ilium and acts in alternation with the iliopsoas muscle when walking upright. While the iliopsoas contracts when the hip joint is flexed, the gluteus maximus muscle is stressed during the stretching movement.
- Hip osteoarthritis
- Hip prosthesis
Illustration gluteus maximus muscle
(Gluteus maximus muscle)
- Gluteus Muscle -
Gluteus maximus muscle
- Thigh shaft -
- Roughness for the approach
of the gluteus muscle -
- Femoral head -
- Iliac scoop -
Ala ossis ilii
- Iliac crest -
- Sacrum -
- Tailbone - Os coccygis
You can find an overview of all Dr-Gumpert images at: medical illustrations
Approach, origin, innervation
Roughness of the lateral lip of the femur (Tuberoitas glutaea femoris)
- Iliac blade posterior surface (Thoracolumbar fascia)
- Dorsal surface of the sacrum-ischial tuberosity ligament (Sacrotuberous ligament)
Innervation: N. gluteus inf.
How is the muscle trained / contracted?
Due to its multitude of functions, the gluteus maximus can be contracted through numerous forms of exercise. The most common exercises include:
- Leg press
- Abductor machine
- Hip trainer
For more information, see Weight Training
How is the gluteus maximus muscle stretched?
In order to specifically stretch the gluteus maximus muscle, the athlete stands on one leg and tries to pull the thigh to the stomach. The knees are covered by the hands.
For the latest scientific research on this topic, see stretching
The function of the gluteus muscle is to forcefully stretch the hip joint. This is done when straightening up from a crouch, when walking, etc. Due to the attachment to the thigh bandage, he is also able to stretch the lower leg in the knee joint. When the upper body is bent forward, the large gluteal muscle prevents falling through strong contraction. In addition, it partially takes on the function of adduction and external rotation in the hip joint.