Welcome to ophthalmology
On the following pages you will find useful information about vision, diseases and pain in the eye.

Most common infections of the eye

The eye has direct contact with the environment, which is why pathogens can easily reach the eye and cause infections. The fact that every person unconsciously looks at each other several times a day supports this. Here is information about the most common eye infections:

  • Conjunctivitis
  • Stye
  • Hailstone
  • Uveitis (inflammation of the middle skin of the eye)
  • Corneal inflammation
  • Ocular herpes

Interactive from ophthalmology

Do you want to test your eyesight? Then take our online eye test.
Or do you like to quiz? Then take our quiz on the subject of the eye.

Inflammation in the area of ​​the eye

In addition to the infections just mentioned, many other inflammations can also occur in the area of ​​the eye. Both pathogen-related inflammation and autoimmune reactions play a role. Inflammation of the optic nerve, in particular, can cause severe symptoms such as loss of vision. Information on various types of inflammation can be found here:

  • Inflammation of the lacrimal gland
  • Inflammation of the optic nerve
  • Inflammation of the eyelid
  • Inflammation of the iris
  • Inflammation of the cornea

Age-related diseases of the eye

Since the eye is a very fine organ, it is susceptible to general disorders such as high blood pressure or the like. Therefore, certain diseases of the eye occur more often in old age, as they are associated with typical diseases of the elderly. The "wear and tear" of tissue over the years can also cause certain diseases.
Here you will find detailed information on age-related diseases of the eye:

  • Cataract
  • Green Star
  • Macular degeneration
  • Retinal detachment
  • Artery occlusion in the eye
  • Corneal ulcer

Pain in the eye area

Depending on where exactly the pain is located in the area of ​​the eye, different causes can be considered. Below you will find detailed information on the symptoms that can occur in the eye:

  • Pain in the eyebrow
  • Eyelid pain
  • Pain in the eye socket
  • Pain behind the eye
  • Pain in the corner of the eye

Further symptoms in the eye

But not only pain can occur in the context of eye diseases. Other symptoms such as swelling, redness and itching can also occur. Here you can find information about the individual symptoms and possible causes:

  • Swollen eyes
  • Reddened eyes
  • Itchy eyes
  • Dry eyes

Summary - diseases of the eye

On the following page you will find an overview of the most common eye diseases.


Ametropia is an umbrella term for all visual disorders in which patients usually have problems seeing objects clearly. The refractive power of the eye, which is determined by the cornea and lens, is decisive for sharp vision. If the refractive power of the eye is too high or too low, this can be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. With nearsightedness, patients see blurred in the distance, with farsightedness, nearby objects appear blurred. You can find detailed information on this and other ametropia here:

  • myopia
  • Farsightedness
  • diopter
  • Squint
  • Astuteness (Astigmatism)
  • Color blindness & red-green weakness
  • Night blindness

Injuries to the eye

The eye is a sensitive organ that is actually well protected inside the eye socket and protected by eyebrows and eyelids. However, injuries to the eye are common. Usually, however, they can be treated better than you think and do not leave any lasting damage.
You can find an overview of the most common injuries to the eye here:

  • Burns to the eye
  • Radiation injuries to the eye (sun, welding, etc.)
  • Foreign matter in the eye
  • Bruised eyeball
  • Blue eye
  • Bruise in the eye
  • Injuries to the visual pathway
Frequently visited topics in ophthalmology

Blue eye - violet

Read here how a black eye develops, how it heals and how you can accelerate the healing process. A black eye is often only associated with physical disputes, but accidents in everyday life also play an important role.

eye bags

Are dark circles really hereditary? Find out what causes dark circles under the eyes and how you can get rid of them the fastest.

eye drop

Eye drops are a specific form of drug delivery that allows drugs to reach the surface of the eye and penetrate the front layers of the eye. Therefore, they play an important role in diseases of the eye.

contact lenses

Everything you need to know about contact lens insertion, care and side effects that you should know while wearing them can be found here: Contact Lenses.