Doping in sport
Substances in doping
First of all, it should be mentioned that the prohibited items listed below are Doping in sport Substances are not active ingredients specially developed for sport, but rather the misappropriation of special drugs as doping. In addition to the performance-enhancing effect, the health risk and detectability are the inclusion criteria for the doping list. In the case of peptide hormones and analogs, however, detection is very difficult. Medicines may only be used for the healing process.
When it comes to doping controls in sport, a distinction is made between controls immediately after the competition and controls outside of the competition. The latter are also known as training controls. During controls after competitions In principle, the rules of the individual sports associations, which are linked to the IOC specifications, apply. The criteria are:
- In individual competitions, the four best athletes and a number of athletes drawn are tested
- If there is a suspicion of doping
- In team competitions, 3 players are usually drawn.
At the request of the doping control committee, the athletes to be tested must report to the specified control room for a maximum of 1 hour after the request and submit a urine sample of at least 75 ml under supervision. The sample is divided into a A sample and B sample. The samples are anonymized and passed on to an independent laboratory for analysis. If the sample tests positive, the anonymization is lifted. The athlete has the option of having the B sample tested. If the B sample tests negative, the test is considered negative. However, this case occurs extremely rarely.
Refusal to go through the doping control is considered a positive result. (Doping in sport)
The sanctioning depends on the respective sports associations. Thus there are definitely differences in the individual associations. In the case of the German Sports Confederation (DSB), doping abuse will result in the exclusion of the next Olympics
Since 1970, anabolic steroids (Anabolic steroids) added to the doping list of. Since the detection of anabolic steroids on the day of the competition is difficult after discontinuation before the competition, training tests have been used since then in addition to the competition controls. In Germany, around 4,000 checks are carried out on A, B and C cadres every year. The National Olympic Committee and the Anti-Doping Commission are responsible for the implementation DSB. The controls are carried out at home as well as in training camps at random, unannounced and are given to independent organizations.
Doping and sporting fairness
What is fairness in sport and where does fairness end? The best training methods enable maximum physiological performance improvements. But not all athletes can afford the best coaching. Equal opportunities are therefore not given. Should the professional support be banned in competitive sport?
The discussion of the intake of prohibited substances is discussed again and again in many areas of sport. To what extent that doping Facing the fair competition is very controversial. Every athlete is different in his or her biological constitution, and therefore better or less suitable for special athletic loads. Sporting success, especially in purely conditional sports, is just as dependent on the athlete's biological prerequisites as it is on years of hard work training. In the high-performance area, sporting success cannot be achieved with a lack of biological disposition, even with the best training methods. The genetically determined anatomical distribution of the muscle fibers can be seen as an example. Is it already worth mentioning here to discuss fairness in sport. doping consequently serves to provide the favored athletes with a greater advantage and / or the less favored ones to compensate for the physical disadvantages. If two athletes with different physical requirements and the same training effort compete against each other, one athlete with the use of prohibited substances. Which athlete deserves the higher reputation with the same performance. The biologically preferred athlete, or the athlete who takes health, financial, and social risks. The question here is to what extent the human body can increase performance through training and to what extent doping can even make a fair comparison possible. If everyone is free to decide to what extent they take possible risks in order to improve their performance, the intake would have to be tolerated in athletic competition. However, this would not clarify the question of equal opportunities.
- Anabolic steroids
- Anabolic steroids
- Drug test
- Beta blockers
- Blood doping
- Muscle building
- Food supplements
- Creatine cure
- Drug test