Hip dysplasia and exercise


Hip dysplasia describes the malformation of the socket in the hip joint. The head of the thigh bone, together with the socket, forms the hip joint. Due to the existing malformation, the head of the thigh is unstable in the joint and harbors the danger luxate (to slip out).

Hip dysplasia can lead to severe restrictions in certain movement sequences and the associated pain. Together with specific physiotherapeutic exercises and sport, attempts are made to counteract the wear and tear of the joints, which often develops in the context of hip dysplasia. However, not every sport is suitable for those affected by hip dyplasia. When choosing a suitable type of sport, it is important to have constant movements that do not cause excessive stress on the hip joint and can be practiced painlessly by those affected.

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Exercise with hip dysplasia?

Sport poses when there is one Hip dysplasia a suitable method to strengthen the muscular system around the hip joint and to counteract the wear and tear of the joint.

However, not every sporting activity is equally suitable for performing hip dysplasia. It should be noted that the sport is a variant that is easy on the joints should act. Certain sports, one Rapidly changing movement dynamics and changes require are not suitablebecause they put too much stress on the joints. These sports include, among others tennis, squash, Soccer and to jog.

If you have hip dysplasia sports how swim or Aqua aerobics, Nordic walking, To go biking and In-line skating on a flat, even surface, recommended. On the one hand, these promote muscle building and, at the same time, protect the joints. Also yoga and Pilates are suitable for exercise in the case of hip dysplasia.
At the Weight training in the gym Care should be taken to ensure that the exercises are carried out correctly and do not require excessive stress on the hip joint. It is advisable to speak to a trained trainer beforehand and to jointly select exercises that ensure that the joint is protected.

The recommended sports are just examples. Of course, there is still a wide variety of sporting activities that can be carried out without any further concerns even with hip dysplasia.
In general, care should be taken that the sporting activity to an appropriate and healthy level is carried out and there is no incorrect or overloading. Which sports are best for the individual can be determined with the Doctor or physiotherapist agreed become. If you experience pain, you should interrupt your physical activity immediately and consult with trained medical staff.

Appointment with a hip expert?

I would be happy to advise you!

Who am I?
My name is dr. Nicolas Gumpert. I am a specialist in orthopedics and the founder of .
Various television programs and print media report regularly about my work. On HR television you can see me every 6 weeks live on "Hallo Hessen".
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The hip joint is one of the joints that are exposed to the greatest stress.
The treatment of the hip (e.g. hip arthrosis, hip impingement, etc.) therefore requires a lot of experience.
I treat all hip diseases with a focus on conservative methods.
The aim of any treatment is treatment without surgery.
Which therapy achieves the best results in the long term can only be determined after looking at all of the information (Examination, X-ray, ultrasound, MRI, etc.) be assessed.

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Further information about myself can be found at Dr. Nicolas Gumpert

Which sports exercises are suitable for hip dysplasia?

In the case of hip dysplasia, sports exercises that specifically strengthen the muscular system around the hips should be preferred, as this can improve the clinical picture.

Hip dysplasia and sports exercises, which can be easily combined with each other, are primarily exercises that strengthen the so-called postural muscles. The main aim here is to specifically strengthen the back and abdominal muscles as well as the muscles of the thighs through training. Muscle building exercises can be worked out together with the physiotherapist.This has the advantage that the sports exercises are precisely tailored to the hip dysplasia and there is neither excessive nor incorrect loading.

Find suitable exercises for abdominal and back muscles under: Back exercises and abdominal muscle training

Sports exercises that can be performed in the water are also very helpful and gentle on the joints. So-called aqua sport courses or water aerobics are particularly suitable here, as there is no overloading of the hip joint.

Exercise that stretches the hip joint and the ligaments and muscles around the joint are also recommended. It is important here that the joint is not stressed too much. It is advisable to discuss the exercises with the physiotherapist beforehand so that the joints are not overloaded.

In general, sports exercises for hip dysplasia should always be strictly based on the severity of the disease. Many sufferers are still able to do sports and, despite the presence of hip dysplasia, perform many exercises without problems and, above all, painlessly. Others, on the other hand, are at a stage with their hip dysplasia that already severely restricts their movements and can no longer be combined with certain sports exercises or is associated with pain. Here you should switch to other exercises or sports that allow pain-free movement.

Can I jog with hip dysplasia?

to jog is one of the most popular endurance sports and, in addition to building up strength, also ensures fitness. Running like jogging puts a relatively heavy load on the joints through shock loads.

In general, if you have hip dyplasia, you should choose a sport that is gentle on the joints. to jog unfortunately does not meet this criterion and should therefore at best Be avoided. In general, sports, including jogging, which involve shock loads as well as rapid changes in rotation, braking and tempo, should be avoided in the case of hip dysplasia.

Those who enjoy walking or running can opt for a variant that is easier on the joints like this Nordic walking or hike switch. These put far less strain on the hip joint and, if performed regularly, also ensure good muscle building. Other endurance sports that are also ideal swim or that too To go biking.

Are there special running shoes for hip dysplasia?

Congenital hip dysplasia is often accompanied by malformations such as clubfoot or a flat foot. The malformations can be treated with insoles and appropriate footwear, among other things. There are no special running shoes for hip dysplasia itself. Those affected should pay attention to springy soles when buying shoes.

In addition, instead of jogging, sports such as Nordic walking or swimming should be preferred, as these are gentle on the joints and also promote muscle building.

Pain after exercise with hip dysplasia

In the context of hip dysplasia, the possibilities for sporting activities are limited. Exercises that place too much stress on the hips cause severe pain during and after performing the exercise. Such exercises should be avoided. Pain after exercise with hip dysplasia is often a sign that exercise is not suitable for the hip. It is an indication of an overload of the affected hip joint.

Exercise and pain

It happens when doing sports Painso this may be because there is due to the disease of the hip to one Overwhelming came and the hip joint could not withstand the strain.

Does one suffer from one Hip dysplasia And if you want to do sport without pain, it is important to choose a sport that is gentle on the hip joint and still ensures that the muscles and ligaments around the hip joint are stabilized and built up.

In general, hip dysplasia and pain-free exercise are a good combination to improve quality of life and the chances of long-term freedom from symptoms. However, if the hip dysplasia results in pain during exercise, the sporting activity should be interrupted immediately and a sport that is gentle on the hips, such as for example Aqua aerobics or swim to be switched.

Nevertheless, hip dysplasia can lead to pain during exercise and this can also occur in "good" sports such as swimming or physiotherapy exercises. In this case, it is important to only go as far as the pain allows.

There children more often from the Hip dysplasia are affected, pain during exercise can be the first sign of hip dysplasia (Hip dysplasia child) be. The pain occurs mainly on one side and is mainly localized in the knee and hip. If a child complains of such pain while exercising, hip dysplasia is a possible cause. Parents are advised here to have an examination carried out by a doctor, since only with adequate therapy an improvement of the symptoms and a complete healing without possible late damage can be achieved.

Horseback riding for hip dysplasia?

In theory, if you have hip dysplasia, you can do any form of sport that you can do without pain. The hip joints are heavily stressed when riding. This means that in practice, many people suffer from hip pain while or after riding. It can be helpful to talk to the attending physician about the desire to ride a horse and about sporting alternatives.