Symptoms of meniscus injuries


The menisci are discs of cartilage, two of which are in each knee joint, one inside and one outside. Since they are responsible for absorbing loads and pressure exerted on the knee and stabilizing the joint, excessive stress on the knee often results in damage to the menisci.

The symptoms that can arise when the meniscus is injured are relatively similar despite the different clinical pictures, so that a meniscus damage can be concluded relatively quickly.

Typical symptoms of meniscus injuries

Especially when a meniscus is acutely impaired, as is most often the case with a sports injury, the patient suffers from severe pain, which is most pronounced in the hollow of the knee, but also affects the sides of the knee and / or extends into the lower leg can. This pain is often associated with limited mobility of the knee joint. As a rule, there is a so-called extension deficit, which means that an affected person can no longer straighten the knee and straighten the lower leg, or at least this is only possible with a considerable worsening of the pain.

In the context of a meniscus tear or an inflammation of the joint, joint effusion often occurs, which can then be felt and sometimes even visible in the knee joint. Depending on the location, the effusion can lead to a bulge on the knee or to the kneecap being shifted upwards and, if you push it down with the leg outstretched, practically "jump" up again in a very specific way.

Also Cysts (liquid-filled cavities) that arise, for example, when the Cartilage badly worn out has been (one speaks here of degenerative changes), can also be used as small swellings stand out in the knee area and point to one Wear of the menisci down. These are typically located at the Outside of the knee or further back on the knee.

Especially when a meniscus If the knee joint is already damaged, even slight stresses may result in the knee joint leaving its normal position and being crushed or trapped.
In addition to the pain, there is often also a snapping sound to hear what is an indication that the Meniscus displaced has been.

When degenerative changes develop over a long period of time, such as in the arthrosis is the case, despite the worn menisci, any Symptoms are absent. Even in people who rarely strain their knee joint, it can happen that injuries to the menisci are noticed quite late because they are hardly noticeable when they are at rest.

Appointment with a knee specialist?

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My name is dr. Nicolas Gumpert. I am a specialist in orthopedics and the founder of .
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The knee joint is one of the most stressful joints.

Therefore, the treatment of the knee joint (e.g. meniscus tear, cartilage damage, cruciate ligament damage, runner's knee, etc.) requires a lot of experience.
I treat a wide variety of knee diseases in a conservative way.
The aim of all treatment is treatment without surgery.

Which therapy achieves the best results in the long term can only be determined after looking at all of the information (Examination, X-ray, ultrasound, MRI, etc.) be assessed.

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Figure meniscus

Illustration of the right knee joint from the front (A) and view of the menisci from above (B)
  1. Inner meniscus -
    Medial meniscus
  2. Inner articular knot
    (Shinb.) -
    Medial condyle
  3. Transverse ligament of the knee joint -
    Lig. Transversum genus
  4. Kneecap ligament -
    Patellar ligament
  5. Bursa - Bursa
  6. Outer meniscus -
    Lateral meniscus
  7. External convolutions
    (Shinb.) -
    Lateral condyle
  8. Anterior cruciate ligament -
    Lig. Cruciatum anterius
  9. Posterior cruciate ligament -
    Posterior cruciate ligament
  10. Femur - Femur
  11. Shin - Tibia
  12. Kneecap - patella

You can find an overview of all Dr-Gumpert images at: medical illustrations