Pigment disorder on the forehead


Hyperpigmentation forehead, hypopigmentation forehead, depigmentation forehead, white spot disease, vitiligo


The term "pigment disorder" summarizes a number of diseases that are characterized by impaired formation of the color pigments of the skin. This disorder can lead to changes in the complexion of the skin in people with a pigmentation disorder on the forehead.


The skin is divided into the epidermis (upper skin), dermis (leather skin) and subcutis (subcutaneous tissue).

The natural pigmentation of the Skin surface is through certain cells of the epidermis (Melanocytes) controlled. These epidermal cells form a brownish-black color pigment (Melanin), which gives human skin its natural color. The formation of these color pigments is stimulated by the sun's rays on the skin surface.

Melanin basically has one protective function. The color pigment is intended to prevent UV rays from penetrating the epidermis and reaching the deeper layers of the skin. Pigment disorders become apparent when the synthesis of the color pigments cannot proceed in an appropriate manner. As a result, occur in the affected people locally limited or extensive color changes on.

Generally need two different forms of pigment disorder can be distinguished on the forehead. While the so-called "Hyperpigmentation“, The one Excess melanin is based on the development of darker skin areas, the Hypopigmentation through a Melanin deficiencywhich leads to lighter spots.

In the forehead area include hyperpigmentation such as Age spots, Freckles and so-called melasma the most common pigment disorders. Hypopigmentation on the forehead, however, are comparative Rare. The appearance of a pigmentation disorder on the forehead is not uncommon. In this context, the various forms of Pigment disorder but mainly in certain age groups observe. While Freckles in young people especially find, form Age spots only in people who have reached the age of 40. In addition, some of the typical pigmentation disorders occur on the forehead sex-specific on.

In general, it can be assumed that a Pigment disorder on the forehead none morbid character Has. Nevertheless, many of those affected suffer from the noticeable spots. A pigment disorder on the forehead is therefore more of a problem for some of those affected Stress on self-confidence and the psyche represent.

root cause

The causes of the occurrence of a Pigment disorder are on the forehead diverse. In addition, the possible causes of the pigment disorder depend on the exact form of the skin change. In many cases, several independent factors have to come together to produce a pigmentation disorder in the epidermis.

To the most common causes for the creation of a Pigment disorder on the forehead include:

  • hereditary factors

  • mechanical irritation of the epidermis (e.g. pressure or friction)

  • thermal influences (heat or cold)

  • Medication

  • Skin care products

  • cosmetics

  • Changes in the hormonal balance

Also the different types of pigment disorder (hyper- or hypopigmentation) differ significantly in their mechanism of formation. A Pigment disorder on the forehead, which is characterized by an increased number of color pigments (Hyperpigmentation) can either result from the Melanin synthesis increases overall, or by that larger amounts of melanin are stored in the epidermis.

In both cases the appears affected area of ​​skin on the forehead is much darker than the unaffected skin surface. An increase in melanin synthesis can mainly be achieved through the Influence of UV radiation be induced. In addition, some seem Hormones have a stimulating effect on melanin production to have. Also different inflammatory diseases should be considered as a possible cause for the appearance of a pigmentation disorder on the forehead.

In the technical language one describes the after one Inflammatory reaction in the epidermis area remaining skin symptoms as so-called "post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation". This phenomenon can especially in people who suffer from psoriasis, to be watched.

A pigmentation disorder on the forehead in the form of a Hypopigmentation always arises when the Melanin content in the affected skin area decreased is. A decrease in the melanin content can reduce the number of melanocytes as well as a reduced melanin production underlie. In addition, a pigmentation disorder on the forehead in the form of hypopigmentation can result from the Forwarding of melanin to the horn-forming cells of the upper layers of the skin is disturbed is. In this context, the diseases play a major role psoriasis and Neurodermatitis a crucial role.

In the so-called "Depigmentationthis dye is completely absent in the affected skin area. Depigmentation as a Pigment disorder for example on the forehead of a Destruction of the melanocytes through the effects of extreme cold, X-rays, toxic substances or inflammatory processes.

Another cause of the development of a pigmentation disorder on the forehead is the so-called White spot disease (Vitiligo) where the dye Melanin probably by a Autoimmune reaction destroyed becomes.

Of the Albinism represents a special form of pigment disorder. In this case congenital disorder can do not form melanocytes. For this reason, those affected have a lack of melanin storage on the forehead.


Although most forms of the Pigment disorder on the forehead no disease value and for this reason do not require medical treatment, the Assessment by a doctor makes sense in many cases be. In the case of a pigmentation disorder on the forehead, the doctor will first examine the skin area affected by the skin changes. In most cases, the the exact form of the pigment disorder diagnosed when looking at the forehead become. In case of doubt, the Medical history Help the person concerned narrow down the possible causes of the pigment disorder occurring.

If there is any suspicion that the Pigment disorder on the forehead by one malignant skin lesion should be a Tissue sample taken and examined microscopically become (biopsy). Since pigment disorders on the forehead often observed in several family members can be, can be a hereditary component cannot be excluded. In this context, the collection of a extensive family history help identify the exact form of the pigment disorder.


Smaller skin changes can be covered with camouflage cream, for example.

A Pigment disorder is on the forehead in many cases completely harmless and does not require medical treatment. However, it should be noted that special forms of pigment disorder on the forehead can negatively affect the natural function of the skin surface.

Depigmentationthat with a decreased melanin storage go hand in hand, for example, can lead to UV radiation penetrates the deeper layers of the skin unhindered can. As the protective function of the skin surface can no longer be maintained, preventive treatment should be considered. This mainly means that the affected skin area is on the forehead should be protected from UV radiation with appropriate products. In addition, data subjects should Avoid direct sunlight. This is especially true for that Use of solariums or sunbathing.

In addition, there are other reasons which make treating an actually harmless one Pigment disorder on the forehead, make it seem meaningful. Above all, the personal feelings of those affected play a decisive role. Many people experience a pigmentation disorder on their forehead as psychologically stressful for aesthetic reasons. The most suitable treatment strategy depends on both the type and the cause of the pigmentation disorder on the forehead. Will cause a pigmentation disorder on the forehead Medication caused, so must as a rule no special treatment be initiated. The Skin changes Usually resolves on its own after stopping the causative drug. However, this process can take several months to complete.

In addition, people who suffer from a pronounced pigmentation disorder on the forehead can experience the annoying skin symptoms cover with the help of cosmetics. Smaller ones Skin changes can do so with so-called Camouflage cream be covered. For larger skin areas, however, you often have to skin lightening agents (in the case of hyperpigmentation) or Self-tanner (in the case of hypopigmentation). A particularly pronounced pigmentation disorder, which shows up as hypopigmentation or depigmentation on the forehead, must in many cases Bleach be treated. Especially Hydroquinone should help with the different Skin coloring to match.

Affected persons should note in this context that this process cannot be reversed can do. The use of a bleach for a pigmentation disorder on the forehead should only be used for this reason after careful consideration by an experienced specialist (Dermatologist; Dermatologist) respectively. It can also be used after treating a pigmentation disorder on the forehead with the help of a bleach Formation of irregular bleaching spots come.

People who participate in a Pigment disorder in the form of hypopigmentation or depigmentation can also suffer from a local irradiation of the skin lesion to attempt. With this method of treatment, the affected skin area on the forehead is specifically irradiated with special light by the doctor. By the action of the light pulses both the Formation, as well as the storage of color pigments stimulates (Repigmentation). This method of treatment takes a period of time in most cases several months in claim. However, the first progress can usually be observed after a few weeks. Radiation treatment for a Pigment disorder comes on the forehead especially in the context of white spot disease (Vitiligo) for use. For people who attend Albinism however, this method cannot be used.

Prognosis / course

A Pigment disorder has on his forehead in most cases no disease value and therefore usually takes a harmless course. For this reason, most of the affected people receive at most one kOsmetic treatment of the changed skin area into consideration. How exactly is the Pigment disorder Developing on the forehead over time depends to a large extent on the underlying cause. Freckles form, for example, during adolescence little by little back on its own. Age spots however, they mostly only appear in adulthood and take with with increasing age. Also the so-called White spot disease tends to slowly develop over the years. The Pigment disorders take on the forehead in the course typically increase in number and size and can eventually form large flocks.